Chemical Engineering & Technology, Vol.43, No.8, 1530-1537, 2020
Ternary Blends of Renewable Fast Pyrolysis Bio-Oil, Advanced Bioethanol, and Marine Gasoil as Potential Marine Biofuel
An alternative for reducing emissions from marine fuel is to blend bio-oil from lignocellulose non-edible feedstocks to diesel fossil fuels. Phase diagrams of the ternary systems were built to represent the transition from heterogeneous regions to homogeneous regions. Four homogeneous blends of bio-oil of eucalyptus-bioethanol-marine gasoil were experimentally characterized with respect to the most important fuel parameters for marine engines: water content, flash point, low heating value, viscosity, and acidity. Blends with closer properties to marine gasoil replacement, lower costs, and environmental impacts should be tested for large engines.