Catalysis Letters, Vol.151, No.4, 1013-1024, 2021
Controllable Synthesis of 1D Pd@N-CNFs with High Catalytic Performance for Phenol Hydrogenation
Achieving both high conversion and selectivity under mild conditions still remains a big challenge in the selective hydrogenation of phenol to cyclohexanone. Herein, one-dimensional (1D) N-doped carbon nanofibers (N-CNFs) were successfully fabricated by electrospinning with one-step carbonization, and used to load Pd nanoparticles for synthesizing Pd@N-CNFs catalysts. The dicyandiamide (DICY) and citric acid in the spinning solution exhibited a significant synergistic effect in controlling the morphology and surface property of N-CNFs and the corresponding catalytic activity of Pd@N-CNFs in the selective hydrogenation of phenol to cyclohexanone. The as-prepared Pd@N-CNFs-1.5 catalyst possessed good fibrous morphology, larger surface area, and more amounts of surface N and OH group, and exhibited a phenol conversion of 99.7% with a cyclohexanone selectivity of 97.3% under mild reaction conditions. In addition, the catalytic activity of Pd@N-CNFs-1.5 increased by 2.75 times as compared to Pd@N-CNFs-0 and 1.22 times in comparison with Pd@N-CNFs-100. Furthermore, the 1D Pd@N-CNFs-1.5 was easy to be recovered from the reaction mixture, and showed good reusability. [GRAPHICS] .