Biotechnology Letters, Vol.42, No.9, 1777-1788, 2020
MicroRNA-191 regulates differentiation and migration of mesenchymal stem cells and their paracrine effect on angiogenesis
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are critical regulators in organ development. Among them, miR-191 is known to be regulated in early embryogenesis and dysregulated in cancer. This role in undifferentiated tissues suggests a possible part of miR-191 also in bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) physiology. Here, we report that miR-191 decreased MMP expression and migration of BMSCs. Conditioned media of miR-191 overexpressing BMSCs block VEGF expression, and inhibit angiogenesis of HUVECs. Under osteogenic culture conditions, inhibition of miR-191 significantly induces bone formation. Moreover, our studies showed miR-191 might influence chondrogenesis of BMSCs by directly targeting CCAAT Enhancer Binding Protein Beta (CEBPB). Taken together, here we demonstrate the role of miR-191 in differentiation, migration and paracrine function of BMSCs.