Biotechnology Letters, Vol.42, No.11, 2211-2221, 2020
Improving the thermostability of a GH97 dextran glucosidase by rational design
This study was aimed at improving the thermostability of dextran glucosidase PspAG97A, a member of the glycoside hydrolase family 97, from Pseudoalteromonas sp. K8. A total of 9 lysine residues were chosen using the TKSA-MC program based on the optimization of surface charge-charge interactions and were mutated to glutamate for shifting the enzyme's isoelectric point off its optimum pH value. Three mutants K75E, K363E and K420E showed enhanced thermostability. The triple mutant, K75E/K363E/K420E, was found to be the best with a 7.3-fold increase in half-life (t(1/2)) at 33 degrees C compared to that of the wild-type (WT). Most importantly, this mutant showed comparable enzymatic activity to that of the WT protein. Structural modelling demonstrated that increased surface charge-charge interactions and optimization of surface hydrophobic and electrostatic contacts contributed to the improved thermostability displayed by K75E/K363E/K420E.