Biotechnology Letters, Vol.43, No.1, 119-132, 2021
The disruption of the MAPKK gene triggering the synthesis of flavonoids in endophytic fungus Phomopsis liquidambaris
Flavonoids, which are mainly extracted from plants, are important antioxidants and play an important role in human diseases. However, the growing market demand is limited by low productivity and complex production processes. Herein, the flavonoids biosynthesis pathway of the endophytic fungus Phomopsis liquidambaris was revealed. The mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MAPKK) of the strain was disrupted using a newly constructed CRISPR-Cas9 system mediated by two gRNAs which was conducive to cause plasmid loss. The disruption of the MAPKK gene triggered the biosynthesis of flavonoids against stress and resulted in the precipitation of flavonoids from fermentation broth. Naringenin, kaempferol and quercetin were detected in fed-batch fermentation with yields of 5.65 mg/L, 1.96 mg/L and 2.37 mg/L from P. liquidambaris for dry cell weigh using the mixture of glucose and xylose and corn steep powder as carbon source and nitrogen source for 72 h, respectively. The biosynthesis of flavonoids was triggered by disruption of MAPKK gene in P. liquidambaris and the mutant could utilize xylose.