Biotechnology Letters, Vol.43, No.3, 613-626, 2021
Kinetic characterization of purified laccase from Trametes hirsuta: a study on laccase catalyzed biotransformation of 1,4-dioxane
Objective Laccase is one of the best known biocatalysts which degrade wide varieties of complex molecules that are both non-cyclic and cyclic in structure. The study focused on enzyme kinetics of a purified laccase from Trametes hirsuta L. fungus and its application on biotransformation of a carcinogenic molecule 1,4-dioxane. Results Laccase was purified from white-rot fungus T. hirsuta L. which showed specific activity of 978.34 U/mg after the purification fold of 54.08. The stable laccase activity (up to 16 h) is shown at 4-6 pH and 20-40 degrees C temperature range. The purified enzyme exhibited significant stability for 10 metal ions up to 10 mM concentration, except for Fe2+ and Hg2+. The Cu2+ ion induced laccase activity up to 142% higher than the control at 10 mM concentration. The laccase enzyme kinetic parameters K-m was 20 +/- 5 mu M and 400 +/- 60 mu M, whereas K-cat was 198.29 +/- 0.18/s and 80.20 +/- 1.59/s for 2,2 '-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) (ABTS) and guaiacol respectively. The cyclic ether 1,4-dioxane (100 ppm) was completely degraded in presence of purified laccase within 2 h of incubation and it was confirmed by HPLC and GC analysis. The oxidation reaction was accelerated by 25, 22, 6 and 19% in presence of 1 mM syringaldehyde, vanillin, ABTS and guaiacol mediators respectively. Conclusions In this study, fungal laccase (a natural biocatalyst) based degradation of synthetic chemical 1,4-dioxane was reported for the first time. This method has added advantages over the multiple methods reported earlier being a natural remedy.