Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Vol.117, No.10, 3124-3135, 2020
Biomimetic surface delivery of NGF and BDNF to enhance neurite outgrowth
Treatment for peripheral nerve injuries includes the use of autografts and nerve guide conduits (NGCs). However, outcomes are limited, and full recovery is rarely achieved. The use of nerve scaffolds as a platform to surface immobilize neurotrophic factors and deliver locally is a promising approach to support neurite and nerve outgrowth after injury. We report on a bioactive surface using functional amine groups, to which heparin binds electrostatically. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis was used to characterize the presence of nitrogen and sulfur. Nerve growth factor (NGF) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) were bound by electrostatic interaction to heparin, and the release profile evaluated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, which showed that ca. 1% of NGF was released from each of the bioactive surface within 7 days. Furthermore, each surface showed a maximum release of 97% of BDNF. Neurotrophin release on neurite outgrowth was evaluated by primary dorsal root ganglion with a maximum neurite growth response in vitro of 1,075 mu m detected for surfaces immobilized with NGF at 1 ng/ml. In summary, the study reports on the design and construction of a biomimetic platform to deliver NGF and BDNF using physiologically low concentrations of neurotrophin. The platform is directly applicable and scalable for improving the regenerative ability of existing NGCs and scaffolds.
Keywords:bioactive surface;brain-derived neurotrophic factor;nerve growth factor;nerve repair;neurite outgrowth