Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Vol.118, No.1, 357-371, 2021
Metabolic engineering ofPichia pastorisfor malic acid production from methanol
The application of rational design in reallocating metabolic flux to accumulate desired chemicals is always restricted by the native regulatory network. In this study, recombinantPichia pastoriswas constructed for malic acid production from sole methanol through rational redistribution of metabolic flux. Different malic acid accumulation modules were systematically evaluated and optimized inP. pastoris. The recombinant PP-CM301 could produce 8.55 g/L malic acid from glucose, which showed a 3.45-fold increase compared to the parent strain. To improve the efficiency of site-directed gene knockout, NHEJ-related protein Ku70 was destroyed, whereas leading to the silencing of heterogenous genes. Hence, genes related to by-product generation were deleted via a specially designed FRT/FLP system, which successfully reduced succinic acid and ethanol production. Furthermore, a key node in the methanol assimilation pathway, glucose-6-phosphate isomerase was knocked out to liberate metabolic fluxes trapped in the XuMP cycle, which finally enabled 2.79 g/L malic acid accumulation from sole methanol feeding with nitrogen source optimization. These results will provide guidance and reference for the metabolic engineering ofP. pastoristo produce value-added chemicals from methanol.