Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.529, No.4, 1124-1130, 2020
MicroRNA-27a-3p directly targets FosB to regulate cell proliferation, apoptosis, and inflammation responses in immunoglobulin a nephropathy
Immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) constitutes the most common primary glomerulonephritis worldwide; however, the exact pathogenesis of IgAN is unknown. Previous genome-wide analysis of microRNA (miRNA) expression in the kidney has confirmed that miRNAs are closely related to the pathological changes of IgAN. Accordingly, in this study we found that miR-27a-3p is upregulated in IgAN kidney tissues in addition to human podocytes and tubule epithelial HK2 but not mesangial cells. Methylthiazolyldiphenyl-tetrazolium bromide (MTT), flow cytometry, real-time polymerase chain reac-tion, western blot, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays were used to verify the regulatory effects of miR-27a-3p and its inhibition on cell proliferation, apoptosis, and release of inflammatory factors in podocytes and HK2 cells. The target genes of miR-27a-3p were predicted using bioinformatics software; the identity of FosB as a target gene of miR-27a-3p was confirmed by luciferase report assay and western blot. Overall, our findings demonstrated that miR-27a-3p regulates cell apoptosis, cell proliferation, and the release of inflammatory cytokines of human podocytes and HK2 cells by directly targeting FosB. Our results therefore suggested that miR-27a-3p might be associated with the pathophysiology of IgAN and may represent a potential target for further studies related to IgAN mechanism or therapeutics. (C) 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc.