Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.529, No.4, 957-962, 2020
SIRT2 inhibition activates hypoxia-inducible factor 1 alpha signaling and mediates neuronal survival
Sirtuins are deacetylases dependent on nicotine adenine dinucleotide (NAD) and take an important role in metabolism and aging. In mammals, there are seven sirtuins (SlRTl-7), and only SIRT2 is predominantly localized in cytoplasm. Under hypoxic environments, metazoan organisms must maintain oxygen homeostasis to survive. Hypoxia conditions induce reduction the ratio of NAD(+)/NADH, and aberrant increases or decreases in cellular O-2 concentration induced excessive reactive oxygen species generation. Here, we report that inhibition of SIRT2 stabilizes hypoxia-inducible factor 1 alpha (HIF-1 alpha) protein levels and enhances hypoxia-responsive element-containing gene expression. We also show that the SIRT2 inhibitor AGK2 induces VEGF and HO-1 gene expression and protects neuronal viability from oxidative stress. Our findings suggest that SIRT2 negatively regulates HIF-1 alpha signaling, indicating that SIRT2 inhibition may be a useful treatment strategy following ischemic injury. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.