Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.529, No.4, 1186-1194, 2020
A novel ADPKD model using kidney organoids derived from disease-specific human iPSCs
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is a hereditary disorder which manifests progressive renal cyst formation and leads to end-stage kidney disease. Around 85% of cases are caused by PKD1 heterozygous mutations, exhibiting relatively poorer renal outcomes than those with mutations in other causative gene PKD2. Although many disease models have been proposed for ADPKD, the pre-symptomatic pathology of the human disease remains unknown. To unveil the mechanisms of early cytogenesis, robust and genetically relevant human models are needed. Here, we report a novel ADPKD model using kidney organoids derived from disease-specific human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs). Importantly, we found that kidney organoids differentiated from gene-edited heterozygous PKD1-mutant as well as ADPKD patient-derived hiPSCs can reproduce renal cysts. Further, we demonstrated the possibility of ADPKD kidney organoids serving as drug screening platforms. This newly developed model will contribute to identifying novel therapeutic targets, extending the field of ADPKD research. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.