Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.530, No.1, 47-53, 2020
LncRNA Linc-PINT inhibits miR-523-3p to hamper retinoblastoma progression by upregulating Dickkopf-1 (DKK1)
Emerging evidences indicated that long non-coding RNAs (LncRNAs) regulated the pathogenesis of retinoblastoma (RB). However, up until now, the role of LncRNA Linc-PINT in the regulation of RB progression is still largely unknown. The present study identified LncRNA Linc-PINT as a tumor suppressor to hinder RB development by regulating miR-523-3p/Dickkopf-1 (DKK1) axis. Mechanistically, Linc-PINT was low-expressed, while miR-523-3p was high-expressed in RB cells, compared to the normal retinal epithelial cells (ARPE-19). Further gain- and loss-function experiments verified that both upregulation of Linc-PINT and miR-523-3p downregulation slowed down cell growth, invasion and migration, and promoted cell apoptosis in RB cells, but Linc-PINT ablation and miR-523-3p overexpression promoted malignant phenotypes in RB cells. In addition, the dual-luciferase reporter gene system and RNA pull-down assay validated that Linc-PINT positively regulated DKK1 expressions by sponging miR-523-3p, and Linc-PINT inhibited RB progression by regulating miR-523-3p/DKK1 axis. Functionally, we found that both miR-523-3p overexpression and DKK1 silence abrogated the anti-cancer effects of over-expressed Linc-PINT on RB cells. Finally, Linc-PINT inhibited tumorigenicity of RB cells in xenograft mice models. In general, analysis of the data suggested that Linc-PINT inhibited miR-523-3p to upregulate DKK1, resulting in the inhibition of RB, and we demonstrated that Linc-PINT and miR-523-3p could be utilized as potential diagnostic and therapeutic biomarkers for RB in clinic. (C) 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc.