Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.530, No.3, 597-602, 2020
Induction of E. coli-derived endonuclease MazF suppresses HIV-1 production and causes apoptosis in latently infected cells
The current antiretroviral therapy cannot cure the patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) due to the existence of latently infected cells capable of virus production from harboring proviral DNA. MazF is an ACA nucleotide sequence-specific endoribonuclease derived from Escherichia coli. The conditional expression of MazF by binding of HIV-1 Tat to the promoter region of a MazF-expression vector has previously been shown to selectively inhibit HIV-1 replication in acutely infected cells. The expression of MazF significantly suppressed tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha-induced HIV-1 production and viral RNA expression in the HIV-1 latently infected cell line OM-10.1 transduced with the MazF-expression vector (OM-10.1/MFR). Moreover, the viability of OM-10.1/MFR cells decreased with increasing concentrations of TNF-alpha, whereas such decrease was not observed for HL-60 cells transduced with the MazF-expression vector (HL-60/MFR), the uninfected parental cell line of OM-10.1. TNF-alpha increased the expression of cleaved caspase-3 and cleaved poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase in OM-10.1/MFR cells, indicating that the cell death was caused by the induction of apoptosis. TNF-alpha-induced expression of MazF mRNA was detected in OM-10.1/MFR but not HL-60/MFR cells, suggesting that TNF-alpha-induced apoptosis of latently infected cells was due to the expression of MazF. Thus, the anti-HIV-1 gene therapy using the MazF-expression vector may have potential for the cure of HIV-1 infection in combination with suitable latency reversing agents through reducing the size of latently infected cells without viral reactivation. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.