Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.530, No.3, 574-580, 2020
Dihydroartemisinin alleviates high glucose-induced vascular smooth muscle cells proliferation and inflammation by depressing the miR-376b-3p/KLF15 pathway
Inflammation and the proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) are seen to play critical roles in the development of vascular complications induced by diabetes and hyperglycemia. Dihydroartemisinin (DHA) has been identified as a semi-synthetic derivative of artemisinin that exhibits broad protective effects. However, the effect of DHA on high glucose (HG)-induced inflammation and proliferation of VSMCs remains unknown. Therefore, this study aims to show that DHA significantly inhibited the proliferation of VSMCs and that expression of the inflammatory cytokines IL-1 beta and TNF-alpha was induced by HG in a dose-dependent manner. Additionally, we were able to determine that KLF15 played a critical role in HG-induced VSMC proliferation and inflammation, confirming its protective effects observed after DHA treatment in the HG-induced inflammatory response of VSMCs. DHA was observed to directly depress the HG-induced expression of miR-376b-3p, which targeted the 3'-UTR of KLF15 and inhibited its expression. These results suggested that DHA plays a protective role in HG-induced VSMC proliferation and associated inflammation by inhibiting the miR-376b-3p/KLF15 axis. Our findings provide new evidence of the mechanisms of DHA and its critical role in treating the pathogenesis of diabetic vascular complications. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.