Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.530, No.3, 487-493, 2020
EPS8 regulates an NLRP3 inflammasome-independent caspase-1 activation pathway in monosodium urate crystal-treated RAW264.7 macrophages
Gout is an inflammatory arthritis caused by the phagocytosis of monosodium urate (MSU) crystal deposition in joints. NOD-, LRR-, and pyrin domain-containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome-dependent caspase-1 activation is implicated in the processing of interleukin-beta (IL-1 beta), which is the major effector cytokine in the acute inflammatory response of gout. Mechanisms underlying caspase-1 activation remain unclear. Epidermal growth factor receptor pathway substrate no. 8 (Eps8) is a signal transducer and actin filament organizer that plays a key role in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated phagocytosis in macrophages. Here, RAW264.7 macrophages that have no intact NLRP3 inflammasomes were used to investigate the role of Eps8 in MSU crystal-mediated caspase-1 activation. A kinetic study revealed that the induction of Eps8 expression by MSU crystals occurred before NLRP3, p46/p33 caspase1, and mature IL-1 beta in RAW 264.7 cells. In addition, actin cytoskeleton dynamics was required for Eps8 induction and caspase-1 activation in MSU crystal stimulation. Silencing Eps8 had no effect on the basal expression of p46/p33 caspase-1 and NLRP3, but nearly abolished MSU crystal-induced NLRP3 expression and caspase-1 activation. Furthermore, MSU crystals induced Eps8-pro-caspase-1 complex formation and Eps8 formed a stable complex with p33 caspase-1, but not with NLRP3. In summary, our results demonstrated for the first time the importance of Eps8 in MSU crystal-mediated caspase-1 activation without the involvement of NLRP3 inflammasomes. (C) 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc.