Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.531, No.2, 180-186, 2020
Bone progeria diminished the therapeutic effects of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells on retinal degeneration
Senescence is closely related to the occurrence of retinal degeneration. Recent studies have shown that bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMMSCs) have significant therapeutic effects on retinal degeneration, While BMMSCs suffer from functional decline in bone aging. Whether senescence affects BMMSCs therapy on retinal degeneration remains unknown. Here, we applied the previously established bone progeria animal model, the senescence-accelerated mice-prone 6 (SAMP6) strain, and surprisingly discovered that SAMP6 mice demonstrated retinal degeneration at 6 months old. Furthermore, BMMSCs derived from SAMP6 mice failed to prevent MNU-induced retinal degeneration in vivo. As expected, BMMSCs from SAMP6 mice exhibited impairment in the differentiation capacities, compared to those from the age-matched senescence-accelerated mice-resistant 1 (SAMR1) strain. Moreover, BMMSCs from SAMR1 mice counteracted MNU-induced retinal degeneration, with increased expression of the retina survival hallmark, N-myc downstream regulated gene 2 (NDRG2). Taken together, these findings reveal that bone progeria diminished the therapeutic effects of BMMSC on retinal degeneration. (C) 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc.