Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.531, No.3, 335-340, 2020
Overproduction of plant nuclear export signals enhances diamide tolerance in Schizosaccharomyces pombe
The nuclear export signal (NES) endows a protein nuclear export ability. Surprisingly, our previous study shows that just the NES peptide of Schizosaccharomyces pombe Oxs1 (SpOxs1(NES)) can confer diamide tolerance by competing with transcription factor Pap1 for nuclear transport. This finding intrigued us to test the function of NESs from heterologous organisms. The Arabidopsis thaliana zinc finger transcription factor OXIDATIVE STRESS 2 (AtOXS2) is a nucleocytoplasmic shuttling protein and nearly all OXS2 members from maize and rice contain an NES. In this study, we find that the plant OXS2 members and their C-terminus (AT3 peptide) can confer diamide tolerance due to their NESs, and amino acids in non-conserved as well as conserved positions are necessary for the diamide tolerance. As in SpOxs1(NES), the enhanced tolerance to diamide in fission yeast depends on Pap1. Like SpOxs1(NES), OXS2 family NESs appear to compete for nuclear transport of the Pap1-like Arabidopsis protein bZIP10, as when over-produced in Arabidopsis protoplasts, bZIP10 is retained in the nucleus. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.