Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.531, No.4, 588-594, 2020
Biochemical activity of magnesium ions on human osteoblast migration
Magnesium is well known as a biodegradable biomaterial that has been reported to promote bone remodeling in several studies; however, the underlying biological mechanism remains unclear. In the present study, the role of magnesium ions in the migration of U-2 OS cells, which are osteoblast-like cell lines, was investigated. Magnesium treatment did not significantly alter the global transcriptome of U-2 OS cells, but increased the protein expression level of SNAI2, an epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) marker. In addition, it was confirmed that the junctional site localization of Zona-occludens 1 (ZO1), a representative tight junction protein, was destroyed by magnesium treatment; furthermore, it was determined that cytoplasmic localization increased, and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity increased. The obtained results on the mechanism by which magnesium is involved in osteoblast migration, which is important for fracture healing, will contribute to the understanding of the bone-formation process in patients with osteoporosis and musculoskeletal injury. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.