Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.531, No.4, 515-521, 2020
cAMP response element induces Per1 in vivo
Light is an important cue for resetting the circadian clock. In mammals, light signals are thought to be transmitted to the cAMP response element (CRE) via a binding protein (CREB) to induce the expression of Per1 and Per2 genes in the mammalian circadian pacemaker, the suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN). Several in vitro studies have suggested candidate CRE sites that contribute to the Per1 and Per2 induction by light, resulting in a phase shift of the circadian rhythm. However, it remains unclear whether the CREs are responsible for the light-induced Per1/2 induction. To address this question, we generated CRE-deleted mice in the Per1 and Per2 promoter regions. Deletion of a cAMP-responsive CRE in the Per1 promoter blunted light-induced Per1 expression in the SCN at night, while deletion of an ATF4 (CREB-2)-associated CRE in the Per2 promoter had no effect on its expression. These results suggested that the CRE in the Per1 promoter works for light induction but not CRE in the Per2 promoter. Behavioral rhythms observed under some light conditions were not affected by the CRE-deletion in Per1 promoter, suggesting that the attenuated Per1 induction did not affect the entrainment in some light conditions. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.