Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.532, No.1, 11-18, 2020
Osteoblastic differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells in uremic rats
Severe secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) represents a high turnover bone disease, osteitis fibrosa, but the pathogenesis of osteitis fibrosa remains to be fully elucidated. We examined the characteristics of the differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) into osteoblasts in uremic rats. We bred 5/6 nephrectomized (Nx) rats with a high phosphorus (P) diet to induce SHPT (Nx + HP), or Nx (Nx + ND) and normal rats (Nc + ND) fed a standard diet (ND). After 8 weeks, BMSCs were isolated from the femur and serum were analyzed. BMSCs underwent flow cytometric examination for the expression patterns of cell surface markers (CD90(+), CD29(+), CD45(-), and CD31(-)). Serum creatinine (Cre) levels were significantly elevated in the Nx + NP rats compared with the Nc + NP rats. Cre levels in the Nx + HP rats were levels to those in the Nx + ND rats. Serum P and PTH levels were significantly elevated in the Nx + HP rats compared with the Nx + ND rats. Bone morphometrical analysis showed increases in both osteoid volume and eroded surfaces in the Nx + HP but not in the Nx + ND rats. The populations of harvested BMSCs were similar between all three groups. Alp, Runx2, Pth1r and Cyclin D1 mRNA expression in the BMSCs from the Nx + ND rats were significantly suppressed compared with those isolated from the Nc + ND groups. Alizarin red staining tended to be similar to the expression of these mRNA. These results suggest that the BMSCs differentiation into osteoblasts was disturbed in the uremic rats. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.