Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.532, No.2, 200-204, 2020
Staphylococcal superantigen-like 12 induces the production of interleukin 4 in murine basophils
S. aureus is associated with atopic dermatitis (AD). Several staphylococcal products including cell wall components, protease, and exotoxins, are thought to be involved in allergic inflammation of AD via activating immune cells such as T cells and mast cells. None of the staphylococcal exotoxins has been reported to activate a primary IL-4 inducer, basophils, that are known to produce large amounts of IL-4 in response to allergens as well as IgE-independent stimuli such as mites and helminth proteases. In this study, we investigated the ability of staphylococcal superantigen-like (SSL) family to activate basophils. SSL12, reported its activity to activate mast cells, induced the production of IL-4 in bone marrow derived basophils. SSL12 also evoked the release of IL-4 in freshly isolated murine basophils in bone marrow cells, as the depletion of basophils by basophils-specific antibodies against high-affinity IgE receptor and CD49b diminished the responsiveness of bone marrow cells for SSL12. These results propose the novel immune regulatory activity of SSL12 by inducing IL-4 in basophils, that contributes to the development of allergic inflammation disorders and the immune evasion of the cocci. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.