Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.533, No.1, 70-76, 2020
Cellular thermogenesis compensates environmental temperature fluctuations for maintaining intracellular temperature
Temperature governs states and dynamics of all biological molecules, and several cellular processes are often heat sources and/or sinks. Technical achievement of intracellular thermometry enables us to measure intracellular temperature, and it can offer novel perspectives in biology and medicine. However, little is known that changes of intracellular temperature throughout the cell-cycle and the manner of which cells regulates their thermogenesis in response to fluctuation of the environmental temperature. Here, cell-cycle-dependent changes of intracellular temperature were reconstructed from the snapshots of cell population at single-cell resolution using ergodic analysis for asynchronously cultured HeLa cells expressing a genetically encoded thermometry. Intracellular temperature is highest at G1 phase, and it gradually decreases along cell-cycle progression and increases abruptly during mitosis. Cells easily heated up are harder to cool down and vice versa, especially at G1/S phases. Together, intracellular thermogenesis depends on cell-cycle phases and it maintains intracellular temperature through compensating environmental temperature fluctuations. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.