Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.534, 1069-1075, 2021
The conserved arginine residue in all siglecs is essential for Siglec-7 binding to sialic acid
Siglecs are sialic acid (Sia)-binding immunoglobulin-like lectins; the majority of Siglecs functions as transmembrane receptors on the immune cells via Sia residues. Recently, a new Sia binding site in Siglec-7, termed site 2, where arginine (R) 67 was critical, was identified by computational modeling and biochemical analyses, relative to the primary Sia binding site, termed site 1, containing critical R124. Here, the presence of a new essential R94 residue, which is completely conserved among all identified Siglecs, was demonstrated. A mutation of R94 residue in Siglec-7 led to the disappearance of the Sia binding property, similar to a site 1 mutation (R124A). R94 is close to R67 in site 2, and site 2 mutations at either of them abolished the ligand-binding properties to both gangliosides and glycoproteins. These data suggest that, in addition to site 1, the conserved R residue among Siglecs in site 2 is another functional site. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.