Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.534, 659-665, 2021
Hepatoprotective effect of apolipoprotein A4 against carbon tetrachloride induced acute liver injury through mediating hepatic antioxidant and inflammation response in mice
Apolipoprotein A4 (ApoA4) regulates lipid and glucose metabolism and exerts anti-inflammatory effects in atherogenesis and colitis. The present study explored the presumed protective role of ApoA4 in carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced acute liver injury (ALI) in mice. The ALI model in wild type (WT), ApoA4 knock-out (ApoA4-KO) and ApoA4 transgenic (ApoA4-TG) mice was induced by a single intraperitoneal administration of CCl4. Liver and blood were harvested from mice to assess liver functions, immunohistological changes, immune cell populations and cytokine profiles. ApoA4 deficiency aggravated, and ApoA4 overexpression alleviated CCl4-inflicted liver damage by controlling levels of anti-oxidant enzymes. ApoA4 deletion increased the recruitment of monocytes/macrophages into the injured liver and upregulated the plasma levels of IL-6, TNF-alpha and MCP-1, but lower IL-10 and IFN-gamma. ApoA4 overexpression rescued this effect and resulted in lower percentages of monocytes/macrophages and dendritic cells, the ratio of blood pro-inflammatory to anti-inflammatory monocytes and reduced plasma concentrations of IL-6, but enhanced IL-10 and IFN-gamma. We propose ApoA4 as a potential new therapeutic target for the management of liver damage. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.