Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.534, 653-658, 2021
Comparison of physiological functions between neuromedin U-related peptide and neuromedin S-related peptide in the rat central nervous system
Two novel peptides, neuromedin U precursor-related peptide (NURP) and neuromedin S precursor-related peptide (NSRP), are produced from neuromedin U (NMU) and neuromedin S (NMS) precursors, respectively, as these precursors have multiple consensus sequences for proteolytic processing. Our group has shown previously that one of these two novel peptides, NURP, stimulates body temperature and locomotor activity, but not food intake. However, the physiological function of the other peptide, NSRP, has remained unclear. Therefore, the aim of this study was to characterize differences in the regions of the rat brain targeted by the NMU/NMS peptide family, including NURP and NSRP, and their physiological functions. First, we explored the regions of c-Fos expression after intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) injection of NURP and NSRP and found that these were fewer than after i.c.v. injection of NMU and NMS in the hypothalamus, possibly because NURP and NSRP cannot activate NMU/NMS receptors. In the ventral subiculum, which is one region of the hippocampus, c-Fos expression was evident only after i.c.v. injection of NURP. We also examined the effects of NSRP on food intake, body temperature and locomotor activity. Like NURP, NSRP increased both body temperature and locomotor activity, but not food intake, indicating that NSRP is also a functional peptide. However, these effects of NSRP were distinctly weaker than those of NURP. These findings suggest differences in the affinity of NURP and/or NSRP for specific receptors, or in their respective biological activities. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.