Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.534, 498-503, 2021
Angiopoietin-like protein 4(E40K) and ANGPTL4/8 complex have reduced, temperature-dependent LPL-inhibitory activity compared to ANGPTL4
We previously demonstrated that angiopoietin-like 8 (ANGPTL8) forms a localized complex with ANGPTL4 to reduce its lipoprotein lipase (LPL)-inhibitory activity and enable increased postprandial uptake of fatty acids (FA) into adipose tissue. Because prolonged cold exposure may increase adipose tissue FA uptake and decrease circulating triglycerides (TG) by reducing ANGPTL4 expression and inducing ANGPTL8 expression (and thus ANGPTL4/8 expression), we investigated the effect of temperature on ANGPTL4 and ANGPTL4/8 LPL-inhibitory activities in vitro. As the ANGPTL4(E40K) mutation results in decreased TG, we also characterized ANGPTL4(E40K) and ANGPTL4(E40K)/8 complex LPL-inhibitory activities. Interestingly, while ANGPTL3, ANGPTL3/8, and ANGPTL4 showed similar LPL inhibition at 37 degrees C and 22 degrees C, the already reduced LPL-inhibitory activity of ANGPTL4/8 at 37 degrees C was even more decreased at 22 degrees C. At 37 degrees C, ANGPTL4(E40K) manifested decreased LPL-inhibitory activity compared to ANGPTL4/8, while ANGPTL4(E40K)/8 had even further reduced potency. Remarkably, ANGPTL4/8, ANGPTL4(E40K), and ANGPTL4(E40K)/8 were each actually capable of stimulating LPL activity at 22 degrees C. Together, these results indicate that ANGPTL4/8 stimulation of LPL activity at low temperatures may represent an additional mechanism for further increasing adipose tissue FA uptake during cold exposure, beyond that already occurring due to decreased ANGPTL4 expression and increased ANGPTL8 expression. In addition, because ANGPTL4(E40K) has decreased LPL-inhibitory activity compared to ANGPTL4/8, our findings also suggest why ANGPTL4(E40K) carriers have decreased circulating TG levels. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.