Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.534, 822-829, 2021
Design of bovine lactoferricin-derived peptide and its expression and activity in Pichia pastoris
Bovine lactoferrin peptide has been shown to be a broad-spectrum antimicrobial peptide. Based on the relationship between the structure and function of antimicrobial peptides, the antimicrobial peptide databases and protein analysis software were used to optimize the design of bovine lactoferricin peptide (LfcinB). The designed bovine lactoferricin-derived peptide (LfcinBD) gene fragment was inserted into a pPIC9K-His plasmid to construct a recombinant expression vector. After linearization of the Recombinant plasmid, Pichia pastoris GS115 cells were transfected with linearized recombinant plasmid by using electroporation and LfcinBD gene expression was induced with methanol. After the fermentation, supernatant was separated by low-temperature high-speed centrifugation. Ultrafiltration and freeze drying of the fermentation supernatant were performed, purified. Experimental results showed that the LfcinBD had stronger bacteriostatic activity against Staphylococcus aureus than the natural bovine lactoferrin peptide (LfcinB) produced under the same fermentation conditions. The effective expression of the optimized bovine lactoferricin-derived peptide was detected using SDS-PAGE electrophoresis. This study lays the foundation for further exploration to improve the biological activities of antimicrobial peptides. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.