Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.534, 773-779, 2021
Histone deacetylase 8 inhibition suppresses mantle cell lymphoma viability while preserving natural killer cell function
Mantle Cell Lymphoma (MCL) is a non-Hodgkin lymphoma with a median survival rate of five years. Standard treatment with high-dose chemotherapy plus rituximab (anti-CD20 antibody) has extended overall survival although, the disease remains incurable. Histone deacetylases (HDAC) are a family of enzymes that regulate multiple proteins and cellular pathways through post-translational modification. Broad spectrum HDAC inhibitors have shown some therapeutic promise, inducing cell cycle inhibition and apoptosis in leukemia and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. However, the therapeutic effects of these broad-spectrum HDAC inhibitors can detrimentally dampen Natural Killer (NK) cell cytotoxicity, reduce NK viability, and downregulate activation receptors important for NK mediated anti-tumor responses. Impairment of NK function in MCL patients during therapy potentially limits therapeutic activity of rituximab. Thus, there is an unmet need to decipher specific roles of individual HDACs in order to preserve and/or enhance NK function, while, directly impairing MCL viability. We investigated the impact of HDAC8 in MCL cell lines. Inhibition or genetic loss of HDAC8 caused MCL cells to undergo apoptosis. In contrast, exposure of primary human NK cells to an HDAC8 inhibitor does not alter viability, receptor expression, or antibody dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC). However, an increase in effector cytokine interferon-gamma (IFNy) producing NK cells was observed in response to HDAC8 inhibition. Taken together these data suggest that selective HDAC8 inhibitors may simultaneously preserve NK functional activity, while impairing MCL tumor growth, establishing a rationale for future clinical evaluation. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.