Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.534, 740-746, 2021
Generation of recombinant rotaviruses encoding a split NanoLuc peptide tag
Recombinant viruses expressing fluorescent or luminescent reporter proteins are used to quantitate and visualize viral replication and transmission. Here, we used a split NanoLuc luciferase (NLuc) system comprising large LgBiT and small HiBiT peptide fragments to generate stable reporter rotaviruses (RVs). Reporter RVs expressing NSP1-HiBiT fusion protein were generated by placing an 11 amino acid HiBiT peptide tag at the C-terminus of the intact simian RV NSP1 open reading frame or truncated human RV NSP1 open reading frame. Virus-infected cell lysates exhibited NLuc activity that paralleled virus replication. The antiviral activity of neutralizing antibodies and antiviral reagents against the recombinant HiBiT reporter viruses were monitored by measuring reductions in NLuc expression. These findings demonstrate that the HiBiT reporter RV systems are powerful tools for studying the viral life cycle and pathogenesis, and a robust platform for developing novel antiviral drugs. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.