Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.534, 233-239, 2021
Variations in the conserved 18S and 5.8S reveal the putative pseudogenes in 18S-ITS1-5.8S rDNA of Cynoglossus melampetalus (Pleuronectiformes: Cynoglossidae)
Many early studies of ribosomal RNA gene (rDNA) suggested that rDNA tandem repeats within species are homogeneous. However, increasing number of reports have found intra-individual rDNA polymorphism across a range of taxa. Here, we reported a high level of intra-individual polymorphism of 18S-ITS1-5.8S rDNA in the genome of Cynoglossus melampetalus (Pleuronectiformes: Cynoglossidae), indicating a non-concerted evolution manner. Sequence alignments found two distinct types of 18S and 5.8S (Type A and B) and five types of ITS1 sequence (Type A - E) coexisted in the genome differing in length, GC content, secondary structure stability and minimum free energy. Based on the unique features of pseudogene and comparison of the conserved 18S rDNA sequence and 5.8S secondary structure of 22 flatfishes revealed that Type B sequences of 18S, 5.8S and their linked ITS1 were putative pseudogenes. So far, detection of rRNA pseudogenes from the multiple rDNA copies has been an intricate puzzle. Our results, as a result, provide a new ideal for rRNA pseudogene identification. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.