Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.534, 179-185, 2021
Structurally different lysophosphatidylethanolamine species stimulate neurite outgrowth in cultured cortical neurons via distinct G-protein-coupled receptors and signaling cascades
Neurite outgrowth is important in neuronal circuit formation and functions, and for regeneration of neuronal networks following trauma and disease in the brain. Thus, identification and characterization of the molecules that regulate neurite outgrowth are essential for understanding how brain circuits form and function and for the development of treatment of neurological disorders. In this study, we found that structurally different lysophosphatidylethanolamine (LPE) species, palmitoyl-LPE (16:0 LPE) and stearoyl-LPE (18:0 LPE), stimulate neurite growth in cultured cortical neurons. Interestingly, YM-254890, an inhibitor of Gq/11 protein, inhibited 16:0 LPE-stimulated neurite outgrowth but not 18:0 LPE-stimulated neurite outgrowth. In contrast, pertussis toxin, an inhibitor of Gi/Go proteins, inhibited 18:0 LPE-stimulated neurite outgrowth but not 16:0 LPE-stimulated neurite outgrowth. The effects of protein kinase C inhibitors on neurite outgrowth were also different. In addition, both 16:0 LPE and 18:0 LPE activate mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)/extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2, but the effect of the MAPK inhibitor differed between the 16:0 LPE- and 18:0 LPE-treated cultures. Collectively, the results suggest that the structurally different LPE species, 16:0 LPE and 18:0 LPE stimulate neurite outgrowth through distinct signaling cascades in cultured cortical neurons and that distinct G protein-coupled receptors are involved in these processes. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.