Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.534, 99-106, 2021
Galectin-9 regulates follicular helper T cells to inhibit humoral autoimmunity-induced pulmonary fibrosis
Interstitial pneumonia with autoimmune features (IPAF) is an unexplained disease state characterized by autoimmunity and pulmonary fibrosis. Exploring the pathogenesis of IPAF is helpful for the treatment of interstitial pneumonia and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. In this study, we observed that the lung Galectin-9 (Gal-9) of IPAF patients was significantly reduced, which was significantly related to lung dysfunction and abnormal humoral immunity. Moreover, an overreactive germinal center (GC) reaction in the lung lymph nodes (LNs) of Gal-9-deficient mice was found to be related to abnormally active follicular helper T cells (Tfh) cells. The lack of Gal-9 ligand in Tfh cells can lead to excessive transcriptional programming and differentiation and help GC B cells. Gal-9 deficiency caused an abnormal humoral immune response in mice, leading to excessive deposition of nonspecific autoantibodies in mice and chronic lung fibrosis. Our research reveals the important regulatory role of gal-9 in Tfh cells and a possible target for the treatment of IPAF. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.