Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.534, 53-58, 2021
Histone acetyltransferase p300 mediates the upregulation of CTEN induced by the activation of EGFR signaling in cancer cells
Upregulation of C-terminal tensin-like (CTEN) is induced by the activation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling and mainly contributes to cancer cell migration and invasion. CTEN is known as a downstream target of the EGFR-RAF-MEK-ERK pathway but the regulatory mechanism underlying EGFR signaling regulates the increased expression of CTEN is still incompletely understood. In this study, we investigated the epigenetic regulation of CTEN gene transcription upon EGFR activation. Analyses of chromatin accessibility revealed that the structure of CTEN promoter became more loosed and the acetylation state of the histone tails within the core promoter region was increased after EGF treatment. Moreover, activation of EGFR signaling facilitates histone acetyltransferase p300 to be recruited to CTEN promoter through MEK-ERK pathway. MEK-ERK activation also induces the phosphorylation of p300, thereby enhancing the levels of histone acetylation within CTEN promoter, which in turn upregulates CTEN gene expression. Our work provides new insights into the actions of EGFR signaling to upregulate CTEN, which may lead to the rational design of novel therapeutic approaches. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.