Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.534, 478-484, 2021
Antinociceptive effect of triterpene acetyl aleuritolic acid isolated from Croton zehntneri in adult zebrafish (Danio rerio)
Croton zehntneri is a plant known as canelinha de cunha, prevalent in the northeast region of Brazil. Many constituents of the vegetable have already been studied, and their pharmacological properties have been proven, but this is the first study to analyze the antinociceptive effect in adult zebrafish (ZFa) of the triterpene acetyl aleuritolic acid (AAA) isolated from the stem bark. The animals (ZFa; n = 6/group) were treated intraperitoneally (ip; 20 mu L) with AAA (0.1 or 0.3 or 1.0 mg/mL) or vehicle (0.9% saline; 20 mu L), and submitted to the locomotor activity test, as well as 96 h acute toxicity. Other groups (n = 6/each) received the same treatments and underwent acute nociception tests (formalin, cinnamaldehyde, glutamate, acid saline, capsaicin, and hypertonic saline). Possible neuromodulation mechanisms were evaluated. AAA (0.1 or 0.3 or 1.0 mg/mL) reduced the nociceptive behavior induced by acid saline and capsaicin, as well as inhibited corneal nociception induced by hypertonic saline, both without altering the animals' locomotor system and without toxicity. These analgesic effects of AAA were significantly (p > 0.05) similar to those of morphine, used as a positive control. The antinociceptive effect of AAA was inhibited by methylene blue, ketamine, camphor, ruthenium red, amiloride, and mefenamic acid. The antinociceptive effect of AAA on the cornea of animals was inhibited by capsazepine. Therefore, AAA showed pharmacological potential for the treatment of acute pain, and this effect is modulated by cGMP, NMDA receptors, transient receptor potential channels (TRPs), ASICs and has pharmacological potential for the treatment of corneal pain modulated by the TRPV1 channel. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.