Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.534, 436-441, 2021
A START domain-containing protein is involved in the incorporation of ER-derived fatty acids into chloroplast glycolipids in Marchantia polymorpha
The appropriate regulation of thylakoid lipid synthesis is essential for the function of chloroplasts. In plant cells, membrane lipids synthesized in the ER are utilized as a precursor for the synthesis of chloroplast glycolipids. This pathway is thought to be mediated by the transport of glycerolipids synthesized in the ER into chloroplasts. However, we have little knowledge about the proteins involved in the lipid transfer between these organelles in plant cells. Here we show a protein, STAR2, containing the START (Steroidogenic acute regulatory protein-related lipid transfer) domain known to function as a lipid transporter, is involved in the incorporation of ER-derived fatty acids into chloroplast glycolipids in Marchantia polymorpha. We found that STAR2 localizes on the chloroplast envelope membrane as a punctuate structure and is required for the increase of C-20 fatty acids, which are synthesized in the ER, in chloroplast glycolipids in response to phosphate deprivation. Our results indicate that STAR2 of M. polymorpha is likely to be involved in the lipid transfer from ER to chloroplast, presumably as a lipid transporter. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.