Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.534, 415-421, 2021
Liver-specific dysregulation of clock-controlled output signal impairs energy metabolism in liver and muscle
The liver is the major organ maintaining metabolic homeostasis in animals during shifts between fed and fasted states. Circadian oscillations in peripheral tissues including the liver are connected with feeding-fasting cycles. We generated transgenic mice with hepatocyte specific E4BP4, D-box negative regulator, overexpression. Liver-specific E4BP4 overexpression was also achieved by adenoviral gene transfer. Interestingly, hepatic E4BP4 overexpression induced marked insulin resistance, that was rescued by DBP, a competing D-box positive regulator, overexpression. At basal conditions hepatocyte E4BP4 transgenic mice exhibited increased gluconeogenesis with reduced AKT phosphorylation in liver. In muscle, AKT phosphorylation was impaired after insulin stimulation. Such muscle insulin resistance was associated with elevated free fatty acid flux from the liver and reduced fatty acid utilization as an energy source during the inactive phase. E4BP4, one of the clock-controlled output genes, are key metabolic regulators in liver adjusting liver and muscle metabolism and insulin sensitivity in the feeding-fasting cycles. Its tuning is critical for preventing metabolic disorders. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.