Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.534, 408-414, 2021
beta-Lactams modulate neutrophil extracellular traps formation mediated by mTOR signaling pathway
Background: Some biotics, like beta-Lactams, have shown immunomodulation effects during sepsis, but the detailed mechanism was still unclear. Here we postulated that neutrophils play an essential role and beta-Lactams exert immunomodulation effects through modulating neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) formation. Methods: NETs formation induced by two beta-Lactams, Meropenem (MEM) and ceftazidime/tazobactam (CAZ/TB) in neutrophils from healthy donors and HL-60 cells was performed. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and the activity of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAPDH) oxidase were examined. Additionally, the upstream signal pathway of NETs formation, including protein kinase C (PKC), protein kinase B (Alt) and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), were detected. Results: MEM and CAZ/TB modulate NETs formation in activated PMNs, not resting PMNs. Both reduced ROS generation in resting PMNs and increased in activated PMNs. To test the activity of NADPH oxidase, we detected NADPH in MEM and CAZ/TB pre-cultivated activated PMNs, which showed that MEM and CAZ/TB modulates NETs formation through activation of NADHP oxidase by affecting the subunits of key enzymes. However, MEM reduced levels of phosho-PKC-Akt-mTOR, with no changes in CAZ/TB. Conclusions: We firstly demonstrate that beta-Lactams showed the definitive immunomodulation effects through modulating NETs formation, which is depended on PKC-Akt-mTOR signal pathway. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.