Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.534, 902-907, 2021
Angiopep-2 modi fi ed lipid-coated mesoporous silica nanoparticles for glioma targeting therapy overcoming BBB
Glioma is the most typical malignant brain tumor, and the chemotherapy to glioma is limited by poor permeability for crossing blood-brain-barrier (BBB) and insufficient availability. In this study, angiopep-2 modified lipid-coated mesoporous silica nanoparticle loading paclitaxel (ANG-LP-MSN-PTX) was developed to transport paclitaxel (PTX) across BBB mediated by low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 (LRP1), which is over-expressed on both BBB and glioma cells. ANG-LP-MSN-PTX was characterized with homogeneous hydrodynamic size, high drug loading capacity (11.08%) and a sustained release. In vitro experiments demonstrated that the targeting efficiency of PTX was enhanced by ANG-LPMSN-PTX with higher penetration ability (10.74%) and causing more C6 cell apoptosis. ANG-LP-MSN-PTX (20.6%) revealed higher targeting efficiency compared with LP-MSN-PTX (10.6%) via blood and intraceYYrebral microdialysis method in the pharmacokinetic study. The therapy of intracranial C6 glioma bearing rats was increasingly efficient, and ANG-LP-MSN-PTX could prolong the survival time of model rats. Taken together, ANG-LP-MSN-PTX might hold great promise as a targeting delivery system for glioma treatment. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.