Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.535, 33-38, 2021
The role of mitochondrial dynamics in the TiO2 nanotube-accelerated osteogenic differentiation of MC3T3-E1 cells
Nano titanium implants induce osteogenesis, but how osteoblasts respond to this physical stimulation remains unclear. In this study, we tried to reveal the role of the mitochondrial fission-fusion of osteoblasts in response to a nano titanium surface during the process of osteogenesis, which is important for the design of the surface structure of titanium implants. A TiO2 nanotube array (nano titanium, NT) was fabricated by anodization, and a smooth surface (smooth titanium, ST) was used as a control. We investigated changes in the mitochondrial fission-fusion (MFF) dynamics in MC3T3-E1 cells on the NT surface with those on the ST surface by performing transmission electron microscopy (TEM), confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM) and real-time PCR. At the same time, we also detected changes in the MFF and osteogenic differentiation of MC3T3-E1 cells after DRP1 downregulation with RNA interference. Cells on the NT surface exhibited more mitochondrial fusion than those on the ST surface, and DRP1 was the key regulatory molecule. Interestingly, DRP1 increased for only a short time at the early stage on the NT surface, and when DRP1 was inhibited by siRNA at the early stage, the osteogenic differentiation of MC3T3-E1 cells significantly decreased. In conclusion, DRP1-regulated mitochondrial dynamics played a key role in the nanotopography-accelerated osteogenic differentiation of MC3T3-E1 cells. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.