Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.535, 6-11, 2021
Production of juvenile masu salmon (Oncorhynchus masou) from spermatogonia-derived sperm and oogonia-derived eggs via intraperitoneal transplantation of immature germ cells
No effective cryopreservation technique exists for fish eggs and embryos; thus, the cryopreservation of germ cells (spermatogonia or oogonia) and subsequent generation of eggs and sperm would be an alternative solution for the long-term preservation of piscine genetic resources. Nevertheless, in our previous study using rainbow trout, we showed that recipients transplanted with XY spermatogonia or XX oogonia produced unnatural sex-biased F1 offspring. To overcome these obstacles, we transplanted immature germ cells (XX oogonia or XY spermatogonia; frozen for 33 days) into the body cavities of triploid hatchlings, and the transplanted germ cells possessed a high capacity for differentiating into eggs and sperm in the ovaries and testes of recipients. Approximately 30% of triploid recipients receiving frozen germ cells generated normal salmon that displayed the donor-derived black body color pheno-type, although all triploid salmon not receiving transplants were functionally sterile. Furthermore, F1 offspring obtained from insemination of the oogonia-derived eggs and spermatogonia-derived sperm show a normal sex ratio of 1:1 (female:male). Thus, this method presented a critical technique for practical conservation projects for other teleost fish species and masu salmon. (C) 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc.