Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.537, 7-14, 2021
Exogenous hydrogen sulfide inhibits neutrophils extracellular traps formation via the HMGB1/TLR4/p-38 MAPK/ROS axis in hyperhomocysteinemia rats
Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) prevents platelet activation and neutrophils extracellular traps (NETS) formation. However, the mechanism of sodium hydrosulfide (NaHS, a donor that produces H2S) inhibits the formation of NETs in hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) rats has not been previously investigated. In the experiment, the expressions of HMGB1 of platelets, the expressions of TLR4, PAD4 and the phosphor-p38 of neutrophils were measured. The NETs formations, the concentration of DNA in the serum and the culture solution of cultured neutrophils which was stimulated by platelet-rich plasma (PRP) were tested. Additionally, the cellular ROS level and SOD activity were detected. The platelets were activated and the expression of HMGB1 of platelets and NETs formation, the concentration of DNA, and the expressions of TLR4, phosphor-p38 and PAD4, the ROS level were all increased while the activity of SOD decreased in the HHcy group compared to the control group. NaHS significantly inhibited the activation of platelets, the production of ROS and the formation of NETs in neutrophils, reversed the expressions of HMGB1, TLR4, phosphor-p38, PAD4 and decreased concentration of DNA which was caused by high homocysteine. Our results demonstrate that the donor of H2S inhibits NETs formation of neutrophils via the HMGB1/TLR4/p38 MAPK/ROS pathway in hyperhomocysteinemia. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.