Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.539, 77-82, 2021
Pro-inflammatory cytokines suppress HYBID (hyaluronan (HA) -binding protein involved in HA depolymerization/KIAA1199/CEMIP) -mediated HA metabolism in human skin fibroblasts
In the skin, the metabolism of hyaluronan (HA) is highly regulated. Aging leads to chronic low-grade inflammation, which is characterized by elevated levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines; however, the relationship between inflammation and HA metabolism is not clear. Herein, we investigated the effects of a mixture of pro-inflammatory cytokines containing TNF-alpha, IL-1 beta, and IL-6 on HA metabolism in human skin fibroblasts. Treatment with the cytokine mixture for 24 h suppressed HA depolymerization via downregulation of HYBID (HA-binding protein involved in HA depolymerization/KIAA1199/CEMIP) and promoted HA synthesis via upregulation of HAS2 in human skin fibroblasts. Moreover, HAS2-dependent HA synthesis was driven mainly by IL-1 beta with partial contribution from TNF-alpha. Transmembrane protein 2 (TMEM2/CEMIP2), which was previously reported as a candidate hyaluronidase, was upregulated by the cytokine mixture, suggesting that TMEM2 might not function as a hyaluronidase in human skin fibroblasts. Furthermore, the effects of the cytokine mixture on HA metabolism were observed in fibroblasts after 8 days of treatment with cytokines during three passages. Thus, we have shown that HYBID-mediated HA metabolism is negatively regulated by the pro-inflammatory cytokine mixture, providing novel insights into the relationship between inflammation and HA metabolism in the skin. (C) 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.