Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.542, 1-8, 2021
Stachydrine hydrochloride inhibits osteoclastogenesis by regulating the NF-kappa B and p38 signaling pathways to alleviate postmenopausal osteoporosis
Osteoporosis is a common skeletal disorder characterized by low bone mass, defective bone microstructure, and increased risk of fracture. It's well known that excessive activation of osteoclasts plays a vital role in the pathogenesis of osteoporosis. Thus, inhibition of osteoclast formation and function might be a proving strategy for osteoporosis. In our study, for the first time we explored the effect of Stachydrine Hydrochloride in the treatment of osteoporosis. We demonstrated that SH markedly inhibited osteoclastogenesis and osteoclast function in vitro and effectively decrease bone resorption in vivo. These finding were further supported by changes in the NF-kappa B and p38 signaling pathways, which are classical downstream pathways of RANKL-mediated osteoclastogensis. Collectively, these data suggest the possible future use of SH to protect against bone loss in the treatment of osteoporosis. (C) 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.