Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.543, 1-7, 2021
Myostatin inhibitor YK11 as a preventative health supplement for bacterial sepsis
Muscle wasting caused by catabolic reactions in skeletal muscle is commonly observed in patients with sepsis. Myostatin, a negative regulator of muscle mass, has been reported to be upregulated in diseases associated with muscle atrophy. However, the behavior of myostatin during sepsis is not well understood. Herein, we sought to investigate the expression and regulation of myostatin in skeletal muscle in mice inoculated with gram-negative bacteria. Interestingly, the protein level of myostatin was found to increase in the muscle of septic mice simultaneously with an increase in the levels of follistatin, NF-kappa B, myogenin, MyoD, p- FOXO3a, and p-Smad2. Furthermore, the inhibition of myostatin by YK11 repressed the levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines and organ damage markers in the bloodstream and in the major organs of mice, which originally increased in sepsis; thus, myostatin inhibition by YK11 decreased the mortality rate due to sepsis. The results of this study suggest that YK11 may help revert muscle wasting during sepsis and subdue the inflammatory environment, thereby highlighting its potential as a preventive agent for sepsis-related muscle wasting. (C) 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc.