Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.544, 8-14, 2021
Exendin-4 promotes bone formation in diabetic states via HDAC1-Wnt/beta-catenin axis
Exendin-4 has been found to have hypoglycemic effect and prevent bone loss in diabetic patients, but its mechanism of preventing bone loss is still unclear. In this study, high-fat diet combined with streptozotocin was used to establish type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) mice, and bone marrow mesenchyme stem cells (BMSCs) were isolated for osteogenic induction in vitro. Alizarin red staining and ALP activity detection were used to observe the effect of exendin-4 on osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs. Western blot was used to detect the proteins expression in BMSCs. In vivo, the effects of exendin-4 treatment on body weight, blood glucose, bone density and bone quality of T2DM mice were observed by treatment with exendin-4. The results showed that exendin-4 promoted osteogenic differentiation of T2DM derived BMSCs, down-regulated histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1) and p-beta-Catenin proteins expression, and upregulated Wnt3, beta-Catenin and runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx 2) proteins expression. In vivo, exendin-4 effectively suppressed the blood glucose and increased body weight of T2DM mice, and significantly improved bone density and bone quality of the right tibia. Interestingly, by overexpression of HDAC1 in BMSCs, the effect of exendin-4 on promoting osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs was attenuated, and the regulation of Wnt3a, beta-Catenin, p-beta-Catenin or Runx2 proteins were reversed. By injecting adenovirus containing HDAC1 into the right tibia of mice, the effect of exendin-4 on bone density and bone quality of T2DM mice was significantly attenuated. All above results suggest that the HDAC1-Wnt/beta-Catenin signal axis is involved in the anti-diabetic bone loss effect of exendin-4, and HDAC1 may be the target of exendin-4. (C) 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.