Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.545, 69-74, 2021
Depletion of HNRNPA1 induces peroxisomal autophagy by regulating PEX1 expression
Peroxisomes play an essential role in cellular homeostasis by regulating lipid metabolism and the conversion of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Several peroxisomal proteins, known as peroxins (PEXs), control peroxisome biogenesis and degradation. Various mutations in the PEX genes are genetic causes for the development of inheritable peroxisomal-biogenesis disorders, such as Zellweger syndrome. Among the peroxins, PEX1 defects are the most common mutations in Zellweger syndrome. PEX1 is an AAA-ATPase that regulates the recycling of PEX5, which is essential for importing peroxisome matrix proteins. However, the post-transcriptional regulation of PEX1 is largely unknown. Here, we showed that heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein A1 (HNRNPA1) controls PEX1 expression. In addition, we found that depletion of HNRNPA1 induces autophagic degradation of peroxisome, which is blocked in ATG5-knockout cells. In addition, depletion of HNRNPA1 increased peroxisomal ROS levels. Inhibition of the generation of peroxisomal ROS by treatment with NAC significantly suppressed pexophagy in HNRNPA1-deficient cells. Taken together, our results suggest that depletion of HNRNPA1 increases peroxisomal ROS and pexophagy by downregulating PEX1 expression. (c) 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).