Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.545, 46-53, 2021
Podocyte RNF166 deficiency alleviates diabetic nephropathy by mitigating mitochondria impairment and apoptosis via regulation of CYLD signal
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is a major cause of renal failure in diabetic patients. RING-finger protein 166 (RNF166), composed of an N-terminal RING domain and C-terminal ubiquitin interaction motif, plays a critical role in mediating various cellular processes. However, its potential in DN has not been investigated. In the present study, we found that DN patients exhibited significantly increased expression of RNF166 in renal tissues compared with the normal individuals, and abundant RNF166 was detected in podocytes. We then showed that podocyte-conditional RNF166 knockout (RNF166(cKO)) markedly reduced blood glucose levels and ameliorated renal dysfunction in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic mice. Additionally, abnormal histological changes and podocyte injury were observed in STZ-induced diabetic mice, while being markedly ameliorated by RNF166(cKO). Furthermore, podocyte-specific RNF166 deficiency considerably mitigated apoptosis and mitochondrial impairments in glomeruli podocytes of STZchallenged mice through suppressing Caspase-3 cleavage and improving mitochondrial fissionassociated molecules. In vitro studies further confirmed that high glucose (HG) induced mitochondrial dysfunction, along with enhanced releases of Cyto-c from mitochondria and elevated expression of cleaved Caspase-9, contributing to intrinsic apoptosis in podocytes. Intriguingly, these effects triggered by HG were dramatically ameliorated by RNF166 knockout. Mechanistically, we demonstrated that RNF166 directly interacted with cylindromatosis (CYLD), and negatively regulated CYLD expression. Notably, RNF166 knockout-attenuated mitochondrial damage and apoptosis were mainly through CYLD in podocytes upon HG stimulation. Together, all these findings provided new insights into the novel effects of RNF166 on maintaining mitochondrial function and apoptosis in podocytes during DN progression both in vivo and in vitro through interacting with CYLD, indicating that RNF166/CYLD may be an innovative therapeutic target for developing effective strategy against DN development. (C) 2020 Published by Elsevier Inc.