Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.549, 194-199, 2021
Structure of a double CACHE chemoreceptor ligand-binding domain from Pseudomonas syringae provides insights into the basis of proline recognition
Chemotaxis is the process of sensing chemical gradients and navigating towards favourable conditions. Bacterial chemotaxis is mediated by arrays of trans-membrane chemoreceptor proteins. The most common class of chemoreceptors have periplasmic ligand-binding domains (LBDs) that detect extra-cellular chemical signs and transduce these signals to the downstream chemotaxis machinery. The repertoire of chemoreceptor proteins in a bacterium determines the range of environmental signals to which it can respond. Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (Psa) is a plant pathogen which causes bac-terial canker of kiwifruit (Actinidia sp.). Compared to many other bacteria, Psa has a large number of chemoreceptors encoded in its genome (43) and most of these remain uncharacterized. A previous study identified PscC as a potential chemoreceptor for L-proline and other amino acid ligands. Here, we have characterized the interaction of PscC-LBD with L-proline using a combination of isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) and X-ray crystallography. ITC confirmed direct binding of L-proline to PscC-LBD with KD value of 5.0 mM. We determined the structure of PscC-LBD in complex with L-proline. Our structural analysis showed that PscC-LBD adopts similar double-CACHE fold to several other amino acid chemo-receptors. A comparison of the PscC-LDB to other dCACHE structures highlights residues in the binding cavity which contribute to its ligand specificity. (C) 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc.