Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.551, 155-160, 2021
BATF2 balances the T cell-mediated immune response of CADM with an anti-MDA5 autoantibody
Objectives: Clinically amyopathic dermatomyositis (CADM) is a subtype of dermatomyositis (DM) characterized by low-grade or absent muscle inflammation but frequent and rapidly progressive interstitial lung disease (RP-ILD) and skin ulcers with anti-melanoma differentiation-associated gene 5 (anti-MDA5) autoantibodies. Basic leucine zipper transcription factor ATF-like 2 (BATF2) is thought to function as an inhibitor of tumours and inflammation. Here, we aimed to investigate the roles of BATF2 in Th cell differentiation of CADM with an anti-MDA5 autoantibody (anti-MDA5(+) CADM). Methods: Naive CD4(+) T cells from human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of healthy controls (HCs) were isolated and then cultured with IL-12, TGF-beta or TGF-beta plus IL-6 following anti-CD3 and anti-CD28 stimulations. The expression of BATF2 was measured by real-time PCR. The percentages of Th1, Th17 and Treg CD4(+) T cells were detected by flow cytometry. BATF2 knockdown of CD4(+) T cells was performed using small interfering RNAs (siRNAs). Results: The expression of BATF2 in PBMCs was higher in anti-MDA5(+) CADM patients than in healthy controls. The BATF2 mRNA expression was increased under Th1 and Treg polarization but decreased under Th17 polarization. Th17 cell activation-associated genes were possibly increased while Th1 and Treg cell differentiation-associated genes were inhibited by posttranscriptional gene silencing of BATF2 in CD4(+) T cells. Conclusions: BATF2 promoted Th1 and Treg cell differentiation but suppressed Th17 cell activation in anti-MDA5+ CADM. (C)copy; 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.