Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.552, 84-90, 2021
Myogenin suppresses apoptosis induced by angiotensin II in human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes
Background: Angiotensin II (Ang II), an important component of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS), plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disorders. In addition, human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (hiPSC-CMs) have been considered as a promising platform for studying personalized medicine for heart diseases. However, whether Ang II can induce the apoptosis of hiPSC-CMs is not known. Methods: In this study, we treated hiPSC-CMs with different concentrations of Ang II [0 nM (vehicle as a control), 1 nM, 10 nM, 100 nM, 1mM, 10 mM, 100 mM, and 1 mM] for various time periods (24 h, 48 h, 6 days, and 10 days) and analyzed the viability and apoptosis of hiPSC-CMs. Results: We found that treatment with 1 mM Ang II for 10 days reduced the viability of hiPSC-CMs by 41% (p = 2.073E-08) and increased apoptosis by 2.74-fold, compared to the control group (p = 6.248E-12). MYOG, which encodes the muscle-specific transcription factor myogenin, was also identified as an apoptosis-suppressor gene in Ang II-treated hiPSC-CMs. Ectopic MYOG expression decreased the apoptosis and increased the viability of Ang II-treated hiPSC-CMs. Further analysis of the RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) data illustrated that myogenin ameliorated Ang II-induced apoptosis of hiPSC-CMs by downregulating the expression of proinflammatory genes. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that Ang II induces the apoptosis of hiPSC-CMs and that myogenin attenuates Ang II-induced apoptosis. (C) 2021 Published by Elsevier Inc.